Nothing can completely undo sun damage, although the skin can sometimes repair itself. So it’s never too late to begin protecting your skin from the sun:
People of all ages should use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or greater at least 30 minutes before sun exposure and then at least every 2 hours thereafter — more if you are sweating or swimming, and even on cloudy days.
- Select cosmetic products and contact lenses that offer UV protection.
- Wear sunglasses with total UV protection.
- Wear wide-brimmed hats, long sleeved shirts, and pants.
- Avoid direct sun exposure as much as possible during peak UV radiation hours (10AM and 2PM).
- Perform skin self-exams regularly to become familiar with existing growths and to notice any changes or new growths.
- Foster skin cancer prevention habits in children.
Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable, yet many people succumb to extreme heat annually. Keep your body temperature cool to avoid heat-related illness. Keep hydrated because your body loses fluids through sweat. And stay updated on local weather so you can plan activities safely when it’s hot outside.
- Stay in air-conditioned shelter as much as possible.
- Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing.
- Take cool showers or baths.
- Check on those most at-risk twice a day.
- Drink more water than usual and don’t wait until you’re thirsty.
- Drink from two to four cups of water every hour while working or exercising outside.
- Avoid alcohol or liquids containing high amounts of sugar.
- Remind others to drink enough water.
- Learn the symptoms of heat illness.